Evaluation Procedure

Course units may be evaluated by theory examinations (mid semester, end of semester or continuous), assignments, reports, presentations and oral examinations or a combination of any of the above. The method of evaluation of course units will be announced by the relevant departments at the beginning of each semester.

The Grading System

Range of Marks Grade Grade Point Value Attainment
90-100 A+ 4.00 Superior
80-89 A 4.00
75-79 A- 3.75
70-74 B+ 3.25 Meritorious
65-69 B 3.00
60-64 B- 2.75
55-59 C+ 2.25 Adequate
50-54 C 2.00
45-49 C- 1.75
40-44 D+ 1.25 Minimal
30-39 D 1.00
20-29 D- 0.75
00-19 F 0.00 Failure

Unless otherwise approved by the Faculty Board for particular course units, marks obtained for the academic course units are graded according to the standard grading scheme given above. Each grade carries a Grade Point Value (GPV) as specified in the table above. The transcript includes the grades obtained for all course units together with their respective credit ratings but not the actual marks.

Grade Point Average (GPA)

When calculating the Grade Point Average (GPA), all course units are weighted according to their corresponding credit values. GPA is computed to the second decimal place. Grades of all registered course units in a study programme are taken into account when calculating the GPA.

Enhancement course units

All enhancement course units carry only a letter grade as specified below and do not carry a Grade Point Value (GPV). For non-sports course units, the ranges of marks corresponding to various grades are given in the table below; for units associated with various sports, the corresponding descriptors will be used.

Grade Attainment
H Honours (Exceptional)
S Satisfactory
P Pass
U Unsatisfactory
W Withdrawal
I Incomplete (Unfinished)

For the three-year and four-year degree programmes a student is required to obtain a grade of S or better for a minimum of four credits from enhancement courses offered in order to complete the requirements for the degree.


All examinations are conducted and completed within a given semester except for course units having practical or research projects. No theory course units in the three-year degree programme are conducted over two semesters. The results of all examinations are normally released within two months of completion of the examinations. The duration of the end of semester theory examinations vary from one hour (for one credit courses) to a maximum of three hours (for three credits and above). The departments decide the duration of practical and oral examinations.

Examination Offenses

Examination offences may be classified as follows.

  • Possession of unauthorized documents or removal of examination stationery, disorderly conduct, copying, obtaining or attempting to obtain improper assistance, cheating or attempting to cheat, impersonation, aiding and abetting the commission of any of these
  • In course units where submitting a report or dissertation is part of the evaluation, e.g., research projects, laboratory or field work, etc., plagiarism is considered a serious offense, equivalent to an
    examination offense. Plagiarism may be defined as
    any of the following.

    • Submitting another person’s work as your own.
    • Including another person’s work (language, ideas, results, data, graphics/images, etc.) in your submissions without proper acknowledgement or citation.
    • Copying another person’s paragraphs or sentences into your work, with or without minor changes, even if you cite your sources.
    • In cases where you consider it necessary to quote (copy word for word) a sentence or two of someone else’s language, failure to put it
      within quotation marks.

Any candidate who is found guilty of an examination offence or plagiarism is liable to any one or more of the following punishments:

Removal of his/her name from the pass list, cancellation of his/her candidacy from whole or part of the examination, suspension from any University examination for such period as the Senate may decide or indefinitely, or suspension from the University for such period as the Senate may decide, or expulsion from the University

Duration of the Degree

General degree and special degree students should complete their degrees within a specified number of semesters. The maximum period allowed for both three-year degrees and four-year degrees are 12 semesters (six years) from first registration. Students are allowed to repeat examinations subject to the above time limit. Therefore, students are strongly advised to aim, to obtain good grades from the very beginning of their study programme.

Registration for Courses

All students are expected to obtain advice from Faculty appointed academic advisors if they have any questions regarding their study programs. Students are advised to register for the prerequisites of their intended study programs (if any). Registration commence 1 week prior to the start of semester. Elective course units having less than 5 students are not be conducted (applicable only to General Degree course units) and students who have registered for such course units are permitted 1 week into the semester to register for other available course units. No changes in course units are permitted after the start of semester.


Students are strongly advised to attend all lectures and practical classes of all course units that they have registered for. For practical course units and course units with a practical component, which are evaluated through a practical examination, a minimum of 50% attendance at practical classes and sitting for the final practical examination are required to obtain a C grade or better. Such course units are evaluated through continuous assessments. A minimum of 80% attendance at practical classes is required to obtain a C grade or better. In addition, 80% attendance is required for all special degree lectures and practical classes. Students who do not have the required attendance for lectures and practical classes, shall not be allowed to sit for the corresponding final examination/assessment that year and will have to sit for the final examinations in the following year as repeat candidates.

Completion of course units

The student must participate in and complete all the assessment procedures (i.e. Assignments, continuous assessments, mid-semester and final examinations, practical assessments, etc., whichever are applicable) for each course unit for which he/she has registered, and obtain a final grade for each course unit for it to be considered as ‘complete’. All course units for which the student has registered shall be considered for calculation of the final GPA and the awarding of the degree. If a student is absent for any or all assessment procedures of a course unit and has not repeated them thereafter, the course unit shall be considered as ‘incomplete’, and a provisional grade of NC shall be assigned. This grade shall be changed to the appropriate grade once the student has completed the course.

Repeating examinations

A student obtaining a grade below a C may re-sit the course unit examination for the purpose of improving the grade. The grades obtained in the first and subsequent attempts shall all be listed in the academic transcript. The highest grade obtained is used for the calculation of the final GPA. However,
the highest grade considered for the determination of award of a class, as well as for selection for Special Degrees, is C.

Two relevant rules:

  1. A student shall be deemed to have sat the first scheduled examination irrespective of whether he/she has actually sat or not, unless he/she has been prevented from sitting examination due to illness or any other reasonable cause, which must be accepted as valid by the Faculty Board.
  2. A student who fails to complete any course unit(s) in the first attempt shall be eligible to repeat the course unit(s) so failed in two more attempts only. In counting the number of attempts a student has exhausted, the attempts deemed under (i) above shall also be taken into account.

Medical certificates

If a student has been prevented from sitting for an examination due to illness, the student should submit a Medical Certificate (MC) to the Chief Medical Officer/University Medical Officer, within the stipulated period of time. Students are strongly advised to read the University guidelines for submission of medical certificates, since a MC can be rejected if specific requirements are not fulfilled.